Have you ever thought of building a deck in your home and wondered how you could do that? This is the reason why I am writing this article. Let us go through some of the advantages. A deck is an ideal space for entertaining your guests; it also gives you an extra space for your family. Deck additions can be built easily it can be completed quickly if you want to create additional space for your family. Pack increases the value of your and is less expensive compared to other home renovations. I will give you a systematic guide on how to build a deck.
STEP 1 – PLANNING YOUR DECK
- Identify your local building codes about decking – The size of your house will determine the shape and the size of your deck. Mostly your deck will have to support a larger load than the floors of your house. An accident that occurs on your deck might not be catered for by your home’s owner insurance policy if you did not comply with the building codes in your region. Also before constructing your deck, it’s good to get a permit from your local government.
- Determine the depth of the frost line in your compound – This is the depth that the ground sinks in winter, it occurs over an average number of years. There are building codes that require that when building your deck the support posts should be sunk to a deep below the frost line.
- Choose the size and position your layer. – A deck can be either attached to the house or self-supporting. It’s more convenient to attach the deck to your house. If you decide to connect your deck to your home, you should consider the following.
- Location of wall stands and the rim joists to enable you to secure the deck’s ledger board and the support beam that connects it to your house.
- The number of posts and footings you will need to support the floorboards and joists will be considered by the size of your deck. You can space the joints as follows 12, 16 or 24 inches apart
- You can also decide to include railings, posts, and steps but that will be determined by the height, which you will build your deck.
- You will also need to make a sketch of what you have to enable you to assemble the materials and building advice.
- Select the materials to build your deck from
There are different hardwoods and composite materials, which you can be used to use the deck. You can use board range from the tropical tree and plastic, the traditional redwood or pine and cedar. Framing posts and columns should be pressure-treated or otherwise decay-resistance wood as needed by the code.
STEP 2- PREPARING YOUR HOUSE
- Mark the place where you want to position the top of your deck- This should be the height of your interior floor just below the threshold of any designed or new door that will open to the deck. A level can be used to draw a line on the sides of the whole length of your deck.
- Mark the place where you would wish to set the bottom of your deck. – You can measure the lengths of your deck boards from the lines you marked. (Usually 1- 11/2 inches) In addition, the height of your ledger board. You can mark the lines across the total length where you will place the ledger board.
- Eliminate the siding where the ledger board will be placed – In case the siding is solid; you can opt to cut it with a jigsaw or a circular saw. You should not cut the cover beneath the siding. In case the siding is vinyl, you should use a special tool to pry up the siding. You should remark the lines for the bottom of the ledger board and the top of the deck on the covering.
STEP 3 – BUILDING YOUR DECK
- Cut and measure the ledger board – Confirm it will fit against the wall before moving on. In case you want to cover your house’s rim joists using the deck’s skirting board, you should shorten the ledger board by cutting to accommodate the width of the skirting board (1.9centimeters) on each side.
- Mark where you would like to place the joists – Mark the deck’s rim joints on the left on the ledger board first. After that, mark the centers where each prevailing joist will be placed and then measure the joints into halves the thickness of each marked side. You can commemorate the rim joists on the right aspect of the ledger board.
- Prepare the beam that will go opposite of the ledger board. – Cut the beam in equal length as the ledger board. In case you would like to have joists, you can put them on the beam then align the edges of the two beams using a framing square. In most cases, building codes demand the different beam to be twice or thrice times as thick as the interior joists, similar to the rim joists. You should cut several beams and insert them side by side.
- Nail the joist hangers – Confirm the spacing of the joist hangers with a piece of wood, then attach the joist hangers using short and thick nails which are designed so as to secure the joists. In case your opposite beam is a flash beam, you should attach the joist hangers inside of that beam.
- Pin the ledger board to your house –Attach the board in place using temporally nails. Make 1 or 2 holes between where you will place every two joists. In the inside of each hole, put silicone caulk then dip a lag screw into each hole to lock the ledger board permanently. Use a waterproof membrane to cover the ledger board or a galvanized metal flashing.
- Make holes for the footings. – You can use strings, batter boards or sticks to set the positions for the fittings to form a grid. You can mark the foundation positions on the lines and then shift them to the ground. Dig about 15 centimeters below the frost line for every footing using a post hole digger. Ensure that the bottom of each hole is wider than the top.
- Collect footings and pier forms – Place one in every hole and hold it with loose backfill, you can then cut all the docks level to support the posts evenly. Decent concrete into the holes and then wait for about 24 hours before proceeding.
- Cut and lift up the posts above the piers – To arrange the posts, set 15-centimeter lengths of stainless steel rod halfway into the piers to act as drift pins and create holes in the bottom of the posts before you place them. Use adhesive to cover the pier tops before setting the posts in case the tops are wooden. You can use anchor brackets if they are concrete. Attach temporally braces to ensure that the jobs are not moving until the framing is done.
- Set up the different beams- If you are using great posts you can lift up the beams separately, set the beam members in such a way that the outside is flush with the edge of the post. You can then attach the inside part of the beam with any connector your building codes needs.
- Put the rim joints together – Join the edge joints to the ledger board and the innermost part of an inside of the corner brackets. Make the beam member to be square; you can then attach the outer beam members to the inner member using nails or screws.
- Set up the interior joists – Put down each edge and try to find any signs of bowing. You can then slide into the joist hangers on the ledger board and in the opposite flush beam put the side up. Put them in place if you find it necessary. If they are too light, you can trim the ends so that they can fit in without too much force. You can attach the beams together if the other beam is a dropped beam.
- Put down the deck boards. – Determine the size of the floor frame from the outside edge of the rim joist towards the outside edge of the other one. You can add the width of any skirting to it. Trim the first two deck boards to this length, then remove the duration of any overhung from the board that will be placed next to the house. Put the first board against the house covering and the other board against it in case it’s wet and a width of a 16-penny nail from it in case it’s dry. Connect the boards to the joists with screws or nails. You can now straighten the boards as you go with a flat bar.
If you want to build an extensive deck, you can cut several floor boards to cover the distance between the rim joists. Arrange the joints between each row of the decking to make the bridge look more attractive.
The distance between the front of your pack to the end of the last board laid should be equal, if not reduce the gaps between the boards a bit. On the longer side and increase them a bit towards the shorter side. Ensure the distances are equal
You can narrow the last deck board if the space is wider than the space to lay it you can also use a narrower board, which is of the same type of the decking material.
- Build stairs – You can decide the number of steps you will require by dividing the height of your deck in feet by seven. Where a quotient is a whole number, you can use the quotient as the number of steps. If it’s a fraction, you can round it off to the nearest whole number. You can attach the steps of the staircase using a stringer.
- Install deck railings – You can have the deck railings if your deck is more than a step high to avoid falls. You can also add skirting board if you find it necessary. You will just need to cut the boards to cover up the deck’s beam and the rim joints and then pin them together. That is all you need to know on how to build a deck
Have you enjoyed the tutorial? You should be able to build a good deck with ease; you do not need a technician. As you have seen it’s simple and quite an enjoyable process. I hope this will add value to your home and make it to be a comfortable place for you, friends and your family. I will appreciate your views in the comments below. Feel free to share that article with your friends if you liked it.